Water Sector Capacity Building and Advisory Services Project (WCAP)  is of a highly technical nature project aiming to improve management and investment planning of water resources in the Indus River Basin and strengthening & sustainability of Pakistan’s water sector. The current project is designed to help the Government of Pakistan on a) on policy and technical issues necessary for the investment program, b) issues related to water resources management in the Indus River System, allowing a transparent way for water forecasting, availability, distribution and accounting thus building trust.

The World Bank has a long history of partnership and collaboration with Pakistan. In particular, the Bank is seen as a trusted partner in the water sector and a coordinator for international financial institutions and other development partners. As a key partner and principal donor, it has provided support to several main interventions in the development of the Indus Basin Irrigation System (IBIS). The Government of Pakistan has received a total credit of USD 72.95 Million from the World Bank towards funding Indus 21 Water Sector Capacity Building and Advisory Services Project (WCAP) in two phases. Phase-I of the project costing USD 38 Million was approved by World Bank on June 06, 2008 and subsequently the project costing Rs. 3078 Million was approved by Executive Committee of the National Economic Council (ECNEC) on November 06, 2008 with a completion by February 28, 2014. The loan became effective on September 22, 2008. However, the completion of Phase-I delayed by two years and was finally closed on January 31, 2016.

Given the critical implications of water and energy for the country’s economic development and in view of the achievements of WCAP Phase-I, discussions took place with the World Bank’s project implementation support mission that visited the Project in September 2012 and September 2013 for supporting additional activities through the Project to further strengthen the achievement of Project Development Objectives (PDO). For that Project Management and Policy Implementation Unit (PMPIU) prepared PC-II of WCAP Phase-II. Phase-II of the project costing Rs. 4581.060 Million was approved from ECNEC on January 12, 2015 and subsequently the project costing USD 34.95 Million was approved by World Bank on January 27, 2016. The loan became effective on February 05, 2016. However, the completion of Phase-II will be on June 30, 2021. The total approved cost from ECNEC of the revised project was Rs. 7659.060 Million equivalent to USD 83.81 Million inclusive of Phase-I and Phase-II.

Water Sector Capacity Building & Advisory Services

WCAP’s key focus is to establish and ensure :-

1. Capacity Building of and Support to Federal and Provincial Water Resources Planning and Management

2. Improvement in Water Resources Management and Development.

3. Project Management and Additional Studies.

Project Implementation

Project ID P110099
Status Active
Approval Date June 26, 2008
Closing Date June 30, 2021
Country Pakistan
Region South Asia
Environmental Category B

Implementation Agencies

    • Project Management & Policy Implementation Unit
      Ministry of Water and Power (MoWP)
    • Water & Power Development Authority (WAPDA)
    • Indus River System Authority (IRSA)
    • Infrastructure Project Development Facility (IPDF)
  • Water Section of Planning & Development Division

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Water Resources Of Paskistan

Water Resources and hydropower development are vital to Pakistan economic well-being :-

  • and their improved management is crucial for poverty reduction. In spite of impressive
  • achievements in the water sector in the past, the water resources and irrigated
  • agriculture in Pakistan face a number of challenges. The demand for fresh water
  • is constantly increasing whereas the opportunity for further development of water

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Our Sectors

  • Vision
  • Renewable Energy Hydro
  • Other Water Supply,

Empowerment of nation and protection of finite water resources, attuned to the pursuit of sustainable development, for a clean, healthy, and progressive environment that enhances the quality of life for present and future generations.

The identified hydropower potential in the country is approximately 41,722 MW. The Government is accordingly giving priority to hydropower generation projects in both public and private sectors. Recent power policies have attracted good response from private entrepreneurs. Several projects are in different stages of implementation. Micro-hydropower development in the northern part of the country is benefiting the previously under-privileged communities.

The surface water resources of Pakistan mainly consist of flows of the Indus River and its tributaries, which bring in about 138 million acre feet (MAF) of water annually. The Indus River alone provides 65% of the total river flows, while the share of Jhelum and Chenab is 17 and 19% respectively. The months of peak-flow are June to August during the monsoon season. The flow during the Kharif (Summer) is 84% and during Rabi (Winter) season is 16%. The alluvial plains of Pakistan are blessed with extensive unconfined aquifer, with a potential of over 50 MAF, which is being exploited to an extent of about 38 MAF by over 562,000 private and 10,000 public tubewells. In Balochistan (outside the Indus Basin), out of a total available potential of about 0.9 MAF of groundwater, over 0.5 MAF are already being utilized, thereby leaving a balance of about 0.4 MAF that can still be utilized, though some aquifers are already over exploited. The Indus River System, as such, will not be able to continue self-reliance in agricultural production.